what is decarboxylation

All cannabinoids contained within the trichomes of raw cannabis flowers have an extra carboxyl ring or group (COOH) attached to their chain. For example, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) is synthesized in prevalence within the trichome heads of freshly harvested cannabis flowers. Therefore, THCA needs to be converted into THC to see the psychoactive effects. This process is called decarboxylation. So, let’s talk about what decarboxylation is and how to decarboxylate your cannabis for edibles at home.

What causes decarboxylation?

Heat! This is why cannabis is often smoked or vaporized. These consumption methods will instantaneously decarboxylate cannabinoids due to the extremely high temperatures present. This makes them instantly available for absorption through inhalation.

But we typically talk about decarboxylation in terms of edibles. The process of decarboxylation is different for edibles because we require the integrity of the end product to remain intact so that we can infuse it into our edibles. (We wouldn’t be able to infuse ash into edibles). Therefore, we need to use less heat over a longer period of time.

At what temperature does decarboxylation occur?

To maintain cannabis integrity we want to use the minimum about of heat required for decarboxylation to occur.

Research has determined that THCA in cannabis begins to decarboxylate at approximately 220 degrees Fahrenheit after around 30-45 minutes of exposure. But, full decarboxylation may require more time to occur.

So, what’s most effective for decarboxylation?

Many people choose to decarboxylate their cannabis at slightly lower temperatures for a much longer period of time in attempts to preserve terpenes. Terpenes, depending on the strain, can have an impact on the overall taste of your edibles.

It’s important to note that the integrity of both cannabinoids and terpenoids are compromised by using temperatures that exceed 300 degrees F.

How to Decarboxylide your cannabis for edibles at home

The process of decarboxylation itself is easy, the harder part of making at home edibles is calculating the appropriate dose.  Read our article on dosing homemade edibles, or just opt for our pre infused cannabis edible products that are easy to use and easy to dose.

How to decarboxylate:

  1. Set your oven to 220F
  2. Finely grind your cannabis flower
  3. Place on a piece of parchment paper on a baking sheet and bake for 30-45 minutes

Do you prefer to do all the work yourself? Or are you like us and want easier solutions for homemade cannabis edibles? With Miss Envy’s culinary line of products, you can make most of your favourite meals into cannabis edibles without a hassle. Check out the cannabis recipes section of our blog for some unique recipe ideas or share your own creative ideas with us!

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